And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son and to all his servants, that they should kill David. But Jonathan, Saul’s son, delighted much in David. 1 Samuel 19:1 ESV
Ever since David defeated Goliath, Saul’s jealously seems to grow worse and worse. After trying to figure out how to kill David a roundabout way (sending him to kill a hundred Philistines for example), in 1 Samuel 19 and 20, Saul makes several clear attempts on David’s life. He is clearly upset by Samuel’s statement that none of his sons would reign after him and instead of acting with humility, he acts in rage. Saul’s pride and aggression are exactly the reason why God decided to remove his line from the throne.
Saul sent messengers to David’s house to watch him, that he might kill him in the morning. But Michal, David’s wife, told him, “If you do not escape with your life tonight, tomorrow you will be killed.” 1 Samuel 19:11 ESV
After another war with the Philistines which lead to more praise getting heaped on David, Saul sends messengers to ensure that David does not leave his house alive. He only narrowly escaped due to his wife, Michal, who helps him out the window. While David may have feared for his life, he trusted that God would protect him from Saul as is evident in the psalm he wrote about the ordeal.
Deliver me from my enemies, O my God; protect me from those who rise up against me; deliver me from those who work evil, and save me from bloodthirsty men. Psalm 59:1-2 ESV
Throughout this harrowing event, David’s eyes were on the LORD for deliverance. David had done nothing wrong, he was merely the victim of Saul’s pride. God’s blessings on David enraged Saul, who wanted to keep the throne for his own line, despite the wishes of God.
But I will sing of your strength; I will sing aloud of your steadfast love in the morning. For you have been to me a fortress and a refuge in the day of my distress. Psalm 59:16 ESV
One thing I love about the Psalms is how personal they can be. I love the fact that I can read the records of a situation David went through in one of the history books and then read his own personal reactions in the Psalms. While Saul’s burned up in bitter jealousy over David’s strengths, David turns to God, not his own personal strengths, as a source of refuge in a time of trouble.
Dear God, please help me turn to You in my times of distress for hope and deliverance. Please give me the strength to act with humility towards Your commandments and to obey Your Word. Thank you for the Psalms. In Your Holy Name, Amen.